How To Reduce The Risk Of Miscarriage.

Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before its 20th week. It is a very unpleasant experience for any parent. It does have a traumatic psychological effect on especially mothers.

It is a known fact that the vast majority of pregnancies stay till delivery. The few that are lost before week 20 are most times unavoidable. It is estimated that 75% of pregnancies stay till delivery. Yet, discussing what causes miscarriage is of course to help us avoid a life style that might trigger it.

Surviving Threatened Miscarriage


Symptoms of miscarriage

Common causes of miscarriage.

Does sex cause miscarriage?

How to prevent miscarriages.


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Symptoms of miscarriage

Different women may experience different symptoms of miscarriage, but the main symptom of miscarriage is spotting or bleeding from the vagina, which may look slightly brownish. The bleeding could also be very heavy. Other known symptoms are: cramping/pain in the abdomen. Mild or severe back pain.


Common causes of miscarriage

Genetic Issues

One of the major causes of miscarriage (according to medical research) are abnormalities in the formation of the baby. These abnormalities are in the cells, carrying genes of the unborn baby. When miscarriage emanates from abnormalities in the genes, we have little or no control over what causes miscarriage. As of today, science has no answer to this abnormalities.


Thyroid disorders

The thyroid is a gland in the front of the neck that produces hormones. The excess or under production of hormones is another known cause of miscarriage. What causes miscarriage in this case is also not under the direct control of us humans.



It is known that miscarriages are more common with women who are above 40 than with women in their 20s.

Most miscarriages are caused by the embryo having an unusual number of chromosomes, which is particularly common in women over 40 years old.

A woman has a certain number of eggs, formed when she was in the womb, eggs age as she grows older. Research suggests that older eggs are less likely to have adequate stores of securin, interrupting the cell division process.

Different numbers of chromosomes can result in miscarriage. Women over 40 have a 50% chance of miscarriage, more than triple the chance of women in her 20s.

By this information, we can gather that a lot of the abnormalities that cause miscarriage are more common in women that are over the age of 40.


Physical problems with the reproductive system

An example of this cause of miscarriage is where there are complications with the cervix (passage between the womb and the vagina). This type of abortion happens after the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. In this case the genes of the unborn baby are normal but the mothers cervix is unable to hold the pregnancy to full term.



Uncontrolled diabetes can also increase the risk of miscarriage. In this case you can prevent miscarriage by working closely with your doctor to control your sugar level. This cause of miscarriage should be the easiest to treat so long as you are under the watch of your doctor.


Environmental hazards

Chemical substances like lead found in old water pipes, pesticides for killing insects or rodents or mercury released from broken thermometers can increase the risk of miscarriage.


Yet again, some lifestyles that can increase the risk of miscarriage are known. Using such knowledge, one can do her best to avoid the causes miscarriage. I’m gonna go ahead to list these lifestyles/habits that cause of miscarriage.



The risk of miscarriage is increased when the pregnant woman smokes. Same goes with when she is always in an enclosure where people are smoking (second hand smoke). Upon getting pregnant, a woman should protect her pregnancy by quitting smoking all together.

The risk of miscarriage is also increased if the father of the baby is also a smoker. Not just if he smokes when around the pregnant mother but even when he smokes around the period before his partner gets pregnant.


Taking medicines without prescription

Just as smoking, the abuse of drugs increases the risk of miscarriage. This is the reason why a pregnant woman must consult her doctor before taking medicines. Even some of the drugs bought over the counter could trigger miscarriage.

In fact, I know a woman whose pregnancy was miscarried because of an inappropriate malaria injection. Such injections were normally used in treating malaria at the time, but was not meant for pregnant women. Fortunately, she went ahead to have healthy kids in subsequent pregnancies.


Heavy drinking

The habit of excessive drinking of alcohol increases the risk of miscarriage. This is more so in the early stages of pregnancy. In fact, you are advised to stay away from alcohol in your first trimester.


Over 200mg of Caffeine

Pregnant women who severally take “a cup of coffee” every day will have to cut it down. Taking over 200mg of caffeine a day increases the risk of miscarriage. Same goes for energy drinks containing caffeine. They should be avoided or streamlined to at most 200mg of caffeine per day.



Some infections like HIV, Malaria, Syphilis, Chlamydia and gonorrhea can increase the risk of miscarriage. Therefore, pregnant women should make sure to treat these infections to prevent miscarriage.


Food poisoning

Some bacteria found in raw meat, raw fish, raw eggs and unpasteurized dairy can also increase the risk of miscarriage.


Does sex cause miscarriage?

No. If your pregnancy is without complications, you have no reason not to go ahead and have sex till delivery. In fact, some people say that a healthy sex life is good for pregnancy.


How to prevent miscarriages

Preventing miscarriages is about doing all what is necessary for the health of the baby and yourself. I’ll list some of these general tips here.

  • Cut off alcohol intake
  • Avoid smoking
  • Reduce consumption of caffeine
  • Avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals or harsh cleaning solutions
  • Treat any infection promptly
  • Take prenatal vitamins, such as folic acid
  • Exercise at least two hours per week
  • Get early, prenatal care.

For further reading on what causes miscarriage:



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