A, B, C Of Surrogacy

Starting a family is a life changing experience for everyone involved in it. The likely challenges faced in starting a family differ for different couples. Some couples as you know have struggles with conceiving. Yet, some others would rather not let infertility distract them from living a normal life. They instead start a surrogacy process to overcome their challenges with conceiving.


What is surrogacy and what does it entail?

The pros and cons of the surrogacy process.

Types of surrogacy

Practicalities of the surrogacy process

A baby is born!

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Whether you decide to conceive through the surrogacy process or by yourselves as a couple, child bearing is both exciting and challenging. Either way the joy of parenthood perhaps cannot be compared with anything you had before.


This desire for child bearing is the reason why families have continued to reproduce even under very difficult circumstances.


What is surrogacy and what does it entail?

A surrogacy process is that process whereby a woman gets pregnant and gives birth on behalf of another person or a couple. The person or the couple then becomes the parent(s) of the child.


The surrogacy process starts with a couple deciding whether surrogacy is right for them. Every state or country would have laws that guide the surrogacy process. Couple interested in the surrogacy process will have to study the laws as it pertains to their state or country.


The pros and cons of the surrogacy process.

The pros, among others are:

  • Couples can have their baby through a surrogate mother and overcome their struggles to conceive.
  • The baby would usually be biologically related to one of the couples.
  • The process is legal in most places.


The cons are:

  • The surrogate mother in most places remains recognized as the birth mother of the child.
  • The fact that the surrogate mother remains recognized makes the process a bit complicated. Though where the law permits, couples can adopt the child to exclude the surrogate mother from remaining legally recognized as a mother to the child.
  • Additionally, many states prohibit compensated surrogacy agreements as a caution against perceived coercion.


Types of surrogacy

There are 2 types of surrogacy: traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy.


The traditional surrogacy process is where a surrogate mother is artificially inseminated, with the intended father’s sperm and births the baby. The child is thereby biologically related to both the surrogate mother, who provides the egg, and the intended father.


In gestational surrogacy, an egg from the intended mother is fertilized with the sperm of the intended father. The fertilized egg is then (through IVF) transferred to a surrogate mother who carries the baby to term


The child is thereby biologically related to the woman who donated the egg and the intended father but not the surrogate mother.


Let’s take a dip into some practicalities of the surrogacy process

The medical aspect of a surrogacy process depends on whether you are using the surrogate mother’s egg. If you or your partner’s is providing the eggs you’ll be administered medications to stimulate egg production.


At the right time, you will undergo an egg retrieval procedure. Once the eggs have been harvested, they’ll be fertilized using sperm from the intended father.


The fertilized eggs are incubated and assessed for development prior to being transferred to the surrogate mother.


After the fertilized egg is transferred, pregnancy will be confirmed. Few months later once the conceived baby’s heartbeat is heard, the surrogate mother will begin receiving payments.


A baby is born!

The surrogacy process culminates with the birth of the baby. The surrogate mother and new family will forever be connected. They may choose to maintain a relationship throughout the child’s life.


Like I mentioned earlier, where the law permits, couples may fully adopt the baby. By so doing, the surrogate mother is no longer legally recognized as a mother to the baby.


If you are interested in the surrogacy process, consult an attorney or a surrogacy agency. They will put you through the nitty-gritty especially as it pertains to the laws in your place of residence.


If you are fortunate to have a close relative or a friend volunteering as a surrogate mother, the process may become less complicated and expensive.

For further reading on surrogacy laws in the US


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