Bleeding During Early Pregnancy (first 3 months of pregnancy)

What you may refer to as seeing your period when pregnant is actually bleeding. Bleeding during early pregnancy happens to 20% of women. That implies that 2 out of 10 women experience bleeding in early pregnancy. You can see that bleeding in early pregnancy is fairly common.



Implantation bleeding explainedhow long does a period last

What causes bleeding during early pregnancy?

Miscarriage can cause bleeding during early pregnancy 

Ectopic Pregnancy can cause bleeding during early pregnancy

Can an Ectopic Pregnancy survive?




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Implantation bleeding

When you think you are seeing your period when pregnant, it may be implantation bleeding and not your period. When you get pregnant, what you may think is your period is referred to as spotting otherwise known as implantation bleeding. This occurs between 6 to 12 days after you conceive. The color of the implantation bleeding is usually medium pink or light brown. It is hardly ever red like your normal period. It’s also much lighter than your period and lasts only a few hours to a few days.


Apart from implantation bleeding, what people refer to as seeing the period when pregnant is not necessarily a major cause for alarm. Yet, you are advised to consult your doctor once you notice bleeding during pregnancy that is as heavy as when you see your period.


When you bleed in early pregnancy, it could also be a risk of losing the pregnancy in a miscarriage. That is why you must see a doctor when you think you are seeing your period while pregnant.


What causes bleeding during early pregnancy?

The causes for bleeding in early pregnancy include:

  • Miscarriage
  • Vesicular mole
  • Ectopic pregnancy


Miscarriage can cause bleeding during early pregnancy 

Like I earlier warned, when you think you are seeing your period during pregnancy, it may be a sign of a possible miscarriage. There are different types of miscarriages.


Threatened miscarriage: A threatened miscarriage is vaginal bleeding that occurs within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. The bleeding is often accompanied by abdominal cramps. These conditions indicate that there is a possibility of a miscarriage. But the pregnancy has a chance of survival.


Other types of miscarriages include inevitable, incomplete and complete miscarriage which ultimately results in the abortion of the pregnancy. Meaning that the pregnancy is lost.


Vesicular mole:

This results from an abnormally fertilized egg. A molar pregnancy may look normal initially, but most molar pregnancies give specific signs like:

  • Dark brown to bright red vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy
  • Severe nausea and vomiting
  • At times, passage of grapelike cysts from the vagina
  • Pressure or pain at the pelvis


It is however a very rare occurrence. Just 1 in every 1,000 pregnancies is a molar pregnancy. Factors associated with molar pregnancy, include

  • Age.It is more likely in women older than 35 or younger than age 20.
  • A history of molar pregnancy.A molar pregnancy re-occurs, on average, in 1 out of every 100 women that once had it.


Ectopic pregnancy can cause bleeding during early pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy happens when a fertilized egg is planted outside the womb. It happens mostly on the fallopian tube because the fallopian tube is damaged by inflammation. Hormonal imbalances or an abnormal fertilized egg also might cause it.


Some things that make an ectopic pregnancy more likely include:

  • A history of an ectopic pregnancy.You are more likely to have it if you’ve had it before.Severe ovulation pains
  • Inflammation or infection.Gonorrhea or chlamydia, can cause inflammation in the tubes and other nearby organs, thereby increasing the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Fertility treatments like in vitro fertilization (IVF) or similar treatments can increase the likelihood of having an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Surgery to correct a blocked or damaged fallopian tube can increase the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.
  • intrauterine device (IUD).Though getting pregnant with an IUD is very rare, if you get pregnant with it in place, it’s more likely to be ectopic. Tubal ligation, commonly known as tying your tubes, also increases the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. But it is very rare.
  • The more you smoke cigarettes, the greater the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.


Can an Ectopic Pregnancy survive?

No. Such a pregnancy will put pressure on the organ where it is planted and cause some damage. When an ectopic pregnancy gets ruptured, it results in abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding, which, if not treated, can cause the death of the woman.




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