How To Reduce The Risk Of Miscarriage.

Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before its 20th week. It is a known fact that the vast majority of pregnancies stay till delivery. The few that are lost before week 20 are most times unavoidable. It is estimated that 75% of pregnancies stay till delivery. Yet, discussing what causes miscarriage is of course to help us avoid a life style that might trigger it.

Surviving Threatened Miscarriage


What are the symptoms of miscarriage?

Most common causes of miscarriage.

Can sex cause miscarriage?

How to prevent miscarriage.


What are the symptoms of miscarriage?

The main symptoms of miscarriage is spotting or bleeding from the vagina, which can may look slightly brownish. The bleeding could also be very heavy. Other known symptoms are: cramping/pain in the abdomen. Mild or severe back pain.


Most common causes of miscarriage

Genetic Issues

One of the major causes of miscarriage are abnormalities in the formation of the baby. The abnormalities are usually with what is called chromosomes. In such cases, we have little or no control over what causes miscarriage.


Thyroid disorders

Another known cause of miscarriage is the excess or under production of hormones. What causes miscarriage in this case is also not under the direct control of us humans.



It is known that miscarriages are more common with women who are above 40 than with women in their 20s.

Most miscarriages are caused by the embryo having an unusual number of chromosomes, which is particularly common in women over 40 years old.

A woman has a certain number of eggs, formed when she was in the womb, eggs age as she grows older. Research suggests that older eggs are less likely to have adequate stores of securin, interrupting the cell division process.

Different numbers of chromosomes can result in miscarriage. Women over 40 have a 50% chance of miscarriage, more than triple the chance of women in her 20s.



Physical problems with the reproductive system

An example of this cause of miscarriage is where there are complications with the cervix (passage between the womb and the vagina). This type of abortion happens after the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.



Uncontrolled diabetes can also increase the risk of miscarriage. In this case you can prevent miscarriage by working closely with your doctor to control your sugar level.


Environmental hazards

Chemical substances like lead found in old water pipes, pesticides for killing insects or rodents or mercury released from broken thermometers can increase the risk of miscarriage.


Yet again, some lifestyles that can increase the risk of miscarriage are known. Using such knowledge, one can do her best to avoid what causes miscarriage. I’m gonna go ahead to list these likely causes of miscarriage.



The risk of miscarriage is increased when the pregnant woman smokes. Same goes with when she is in an enclosure where others are smoking (second hand smoke). Upon getting pregnant, a woman should protect her pregnancy by quitting smoking all together.

The risk of miscarriage is also increased if the father of the baby is also a smoker.


Taking medicines without prescription

Just as smoking, the abuse of drugs increases the risk of miscarriage. This is the reason why a pregnant woman must consult her doctor before taking medicines. Even some of the drugs bought over the counter could trigger miscarriage.

In fact, I know a woman whose pregnancy was miscarried because of an inappropriate malaria injection. Such injections were normally used in treating malaria at the time. Fortunately, she went ahead to have healthy kids in subsequent pregnancies.


Heavy drinking

The habit of excessive drinking of alcohol increases the risk of miscarriage. This is more so in the early stages of pregnancy. In fact, you are advised to stay away from alcohol in your first trimester.


Over 200mg of Caffeine

Pregnant women who severally take “a cup of coffee” every day will have to cut it down. Taking over 200mg of caffeine a day increases the risk of miscarriage.



Some infections like HIV, Malaria, Syphilis, Chlamydia and gonorrhea can increase the risk of miscarriage.


Food poisoning

Some bacteria found in raw meat, raw fish, raw eggs and unpasteurized dairy can also increase the risk of miscarriage.



Can sex cause miscarriage?

No. If your pregnancy is without complications, you have no reason not to go ahead and have sex till delivery.


How to prevent a miscarriage

Preventing miscarriage is to do all what is necessary for the health of the baby and yourself. I’ll list some of these general tips here.

  • Cut off alcohol intake
  • Avoid smoking
  • Reduce consumption of caffeine
  • Avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals or harsh cleaning solutions
  • Treat any infection promptly
  • Take prenatal vitamins, such as folic acid
  • Exercise at least two hours per week
  • Get early, prenatal care.

For further reading on what causes miscarriage:



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